From Cellar to Shaker
Stepping up to the bar to request a wine-based drink used to prompt the bartender to offer one of a few traditional suggestions: a Champagne cocktail, wine spritzer, fruit-filled Sangria or a warm mug filled with mulled wine and garnished with a cinnamon stick.
While these options undoubtedly still have their fans and their place on the menu, mixologists today often pull wines from their racks without bubbles or fortification, with the intention to combine them with potent spirits, bitters and other back bar ingredients. Savvy operators are discovering that these vine-inspired cocktails can bridge the gap between wine lovers and spirits enthusiasts.
“Wine cocktails often can be a transitional cocktail for the wine drinker,” explains Robert Heugel, owner of Anvil Bar & Refuge in Houston, Texas. A guest who probably wouldn’t order a bourbon-based Old Fashioned may venture to try his more approachable Warrant, in which the bourbon is softened a bit with rosé wine, lemon juice and a syrup of Cabernet Sauvignon and cinnamon. He tops it with soda to enhance the wine’s refreshing quality.
“I guess there’s a reason people have always sort of liked wine spritzers,” says Heugel, who believes introducing wine cocktails to the menu piques the interest of wine consumers, who ideally will try one, and return to sip one another day.
Anvil’s bar menu runs 12 to 15 options long, with at least one wine-based libation always available, and all drinks are priced at $8. Heugel believes these cocktails distinguish Anvil from the competition — with the added benefit that they are cost-effective, especially if you use a wine that is already a by-the-glass pour.
“Wine generally costs less than spirits, but can add just as much,” he explains. Using it in ways such as in Cabernet syrup adds depth of flavor without a lot of volume.
Satisfying Flavor Seekers
At the buzz-worthy, speakeasy-esque cocktail den PDT in New York City’s East Village, owner Jim Meehan features several wine cocktails on his menu, including Pegu Club founder Audrey Saunders’ Falling Leaves, made with dry Riesling, pear brandy, honey syrup, orange Curaçao and Peychaud’s bitters. Despite the equal playing field — he prices all drinks at $13 for simplicity — Meehan has found that the fruit-forwardness of Falling Leaves has broader appeal than other wine drinks on the list.
Meehan’s Against All Odds cocktail, served in a mezcal-rinsed coupe glass, includes Chardonnay, apricot liqueur and Clement Créole Shrubb, as well as one-and-a-half ounces of Bushmills Irish Whiskey. Those who aren’t fans of the latter, which shows prominently in the cocktail, may be won over by the other more easy-drinking additions.
Mixologists may employ a bevy of eclectic ingredients to mix with wine, ranging from gin, rum and brandy to bitters and fruit juices. During the wine-cocktail creation process, ascertaining quality is comparable to judging a wine or any cocktail.
“You want the wine to appear in a manner that enhances the cocktail in a balanced, interesting manner,” notes Heugel. It should mingle and integrate with the other included ingredients, rather than overshadow or disappear next to them.
With white wines, acidity level affects the final outcome in the cocktail glass. Heugel favors the overly citrus notes in a crisp Sauvignon Blanc, which he believes meld very well with juices and other spirits. The Curve Cobbler — named for Anvil’s position on one of Houston’s busy streets — combines the zesty white with Spanish brandy, balsamic raspberry shrub and Angostura bitters.
His Uphill Climb is a twist on the classic Italian wine cocktail the Bicicletta, which is traditionally made with dry white wine, Campari and soda. Heugel adds gin, lemon juice, simple syrup and muddled mint leaves and skips the soda. He explains, “It has a lot of complexity, but it is very refreshing at the same time. Sometimes it is hard to get both.”
Kelley Swenson, bartender and spirits director of Portland, Ore.’s Ten 01, is also partial to crisp, high-acid wines. When the sommelier added a still white from Spain’s Penedès region (known for Spanish sparkler cava) to the menu, Swenson mixed it with aquavit, pineapple juice, simple syrup and lemon bitters to create her La Perla. She says the resulting cocktail has great acid and unique sugar structures without being cloying.
Time spent in oak often translates to decreased acidity, smoother mouthfeel and toasty, vanilla notes in a wine. Meehan passes on white wines that have spent time in new wood.
“Oak is not a flavor profile I’m looking to showcase in my cocktails, or in my wine choices,” he explains. Swenson disagrees with this philosophy, however.
“Since I am often blending wine with other higher-proof spirits or assertive ingredients like citrus or bitters, I tend to look for wines that are equally assertive,” Swenson says, arguing, “Nothing beats a well-oaked Chardonnay when you want a wine with body and weight in your drink.”
With red wines, bold and fruity bottles tend to blend well and hold their own when coupled with stronger ingredients. At Belly Timber, a Portland bistro, bartender Bradley Dawson’s Storm Watch uses Barbera or a similar Spanish or Italian red as its base, whose fruity notes stand up to the Sailor Jerry spiced rum and Peychaud’s bitters. He adds sparkling water, serves it over ice in a tall glass with a cinnamon and sugar grilled plantain garnish and sells it for $8. At PDT, Meehan uses Cabernet Franc in the Silver Sangaree, whose raspberry and cherry flavors and violet aroma work with the addition of ruby port, Scotch whisky and clove-infused simple syrup.