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Margaritas

Unstoppable, Insatiable...Margarita

July 2, 2010 By: Robert Plotkin Night Club and Bar Magazine


How to Cash in on America’s Most Profitable Cocktail

Three margaritasThe Margarita has enjoyed far more than its allotted 15 minutes of fame. In fact, after grabbing the limelight in the 1970s, the sexy drink has continually ranked among the most frequently requested cocktails in America. However, relying solely on its popularity to keep your coffers full won’t cut it — it’s too prevalent a cocktail to serve your guests the same thing your competitors do and expect them to keep coming back to you. Fortunately, Senorita Margarita is an upwardly mobile libation that’s highly adaptable, and if crafted properly, it can be one of the most profit-laden cocktails in your repertoire.

There are four essential truths about Margaritas that should be considered inviolate. The first of these is that the cocktail is built on a foundation of lime juice — not lemon as is often thought — which means using lemon-based sweet ‘n’ sour is a mistake. Lime-based sour mix is concocted largely the same way as a lemon juice sweet ‘n’ sour. If trapped behind the bar with nothing but a bottle of conventional sweet ‘n’ sour, add about ¾ ounce of fresh lime juice (roughly three or four lime wedges) to the drink before shaking. The result will be a balanced mix upon which to build the cocktail, one with a lime-forward character.

The second immutable truth about Margaritas is the better the tequila, the better the resulting cocktail. Committing a top-shelf brand in a Margarita isn’t sacrilege; it’s an act of genius. The recipe you choose, though, needs to adequately showcase the tequila or the tactic may backfire. Keep the number of other ingredients to a minimum to avoid obscuring its enhanced quality and character. Also consider serving the masterpiece straight up as a cocktail for the same reason.

Not only do premium brands result in better-tasting drinks, they also deliver greater profits. Although higher in cost, a top-shelf tequila commands a higher price and yields a healthier margin than its lesser counterparts.

The third tenet of Margarita-making involves attaining balance and sessionability, the quality that makes certain drinks easily enjoyed throughout an evening, namely, balance. The Margarita basically combines four elements — the sour mix, the sweetener, the taste of the tequila and the flavor of the orange modifier — each of which need to be perceived on the palate equally. Stray too far toward any one extreme, and you’re headed for trouble. Guests are less likely to order another if the drink is too sweet, too tart or too potent.

The last Margarita-related commandment is the cocktail must be shaken vigorously; anything less is problematic. The purpose behind shaking the drink is four-fold. It thoroughly integrates the ingredients, properly chills the drink, introduces a small amount of water into the mix and aerates the cocktail. Plus, the enhanced production value of energetically shaking the cocktail makes the effort worthwhile.

Crafting Moneymaking Margaritas

Once the basics are mastered, the Margarita knows no creative boundaries. It’s versatile and can adopt an impressive array of flavors. At the risk of stripping the creative process of its mystery, there is a formula to engineering a gourmet, high performance Margarita. It involves tweaking one or more of the following variables.

Casting a Tequila: Not all tequilas are created equal, which makes the decision of what brand and style to feature exceedingly important. Unaged blanco (plata or silver) tequilas are often relied on, not because of their relatively lower cost, but because they add vitality to the Margarita that aged, more reserved tequilas don’t quite manage.
Reposado tequilas are barrel-aged a minimum of two months, although most remain in oak four to eight months. They’re matured just long enough to soften their character. As the bestselling style of tequila in Mexico, reposado tequilas strike a true balance between the fresh, spirited character of a blanco and the mellow refinement of an añejo.

Añejo tequilas are aged no less than a year. They’re characteristically aromatic with well-rounded flavors and lingering finishes. The elder statesmen are called extra añejos, a designation indicating the tequila was barrel-aged for three years or longer.

A Split Decision: Where’s it written that you can only use one style or brand of tequila in a signature Margarita? Using complementary styles gives the drink more character and adds a dash of theatrical pizzazz. For example, the Three Amigos Margarita uses equal parts blanco and reposado tequilas and then it’s finished with a generous float of añejo. Each contributes greatly to the cocktail’s flavor and alluring presentation.

Philip Raimondo, master mixologist for Beam Global, takes the practice one step further. “I’m rather partial to blending together the Margarita and its soul mate, the Sidecar. I use Hornitos Reposado, Courvoisier Exclusif and triple sec and then fresh squeeze a lime, lemon and orange wedge. I add agave nectar, a little extra lime juice and shake the drink until frost forms on the mixing tin. Then, I strain the drink into a chilled cocktail glass rimmed with salt and serve to a round of applause.”

Infused and Peppered: Featuring infused tequila in your specialty Margarita is a creative moneymaking option (where legal). Today mixologists are infusing tequila with everything from kiwis, melons and pineapples to ginger, red peppers and sun-dried tomatoes. It’s a straightforward and uncomplicated process involving steeping the spirit in large, airtight containers. Several days later, the tequila will have adopted an entirely new persona with loads of appeal.

Another viable option is simply reaching for a peppered tequila, such as Tanteo or Agave Loco. Each has been infused with the essential oils of indigenous peppers and surgically balanced so as not to scorch the larynx.

The Triple Play: Triple sec and blue Curaçao are not your only options when it comes to orange modifiers. When preparing a super-premium Margarita, pair the top-shelf tequila with something equally brilliant, such as Cointreau, Patrón Citrónge or recent arrival Combier Liqueur de Orange.

Modifying with Grand Marnier imbues a Margarita with both the flavor of brandy and sweet, succulent oranges. Other liqueurs in this class include Italian Gran Gala and Extase XO from France; experiment to find the orange modifier that will best please your patrons’ palates. 

Scratch Mix Artistry: The underlying foundation of the Margarita and source of the cocktail’s vibrancy is the base sour mix. It also helps distinguish your Margarita from those being marketed at the cocktail lounge down the street. Most scratch recipes call for three parts lime juice to one part simple syrup (3:1). If the resulting mix is deemed too tart, shift the proportions closer toward 2:1.

It should be noted that many a great fresh lime sour mix has been crafted using a slightly larger cast of performers. An extra splash or two of fresh orange, lemon or grapefruit juice is a great way to add dimension and pizzazz to the mix.

A few tips about juicing limes: Fruit at room temperature yields more juice than chilled fruit. Avoid allowing the bitter white pith of the lime to enter into the juice. While pulp in orange or grapefruit juice is a cache of quality, lime and lemon juice need to be strained before use. Pouring freshly squeezed juice through a cheesecloth (chinois) or strainer will do the trick.

A sour mix made using fresh lime juices need to be refrigerated. As a guideline, most fresh juices won’t keep longer than 24 hours before needing to be discarded.

A Sweet Difference: Simple syrup is a workhorse behind the bar and crucial to making a fresh sour mix. It is easily prepared by combining equal parts of sugar and boiling water. Creative options include substituting granulated white sugar with brown sugar, agave nectar or fresh cane juice (guarapo). Each will produce slightly different tasting cocktails.

Another creative twist is infusing syrups with the flavor of cucumber, peppers, spices, ginger or seasonal fruit. They’re made by slowly heating equal parts of water, granulated sugar or agave nectar and the featured flavoring agent until all of the various components have fully integrated. For specialized drinks, creating customized flavored syrups is a viable tact.

The People’s Margarita is one of many award-winning cocktails featured at Jax Kitchen in Tucson, Ariz. Crafted by owner/chef and celebrated mixologist Brian Metzger, the drink in part derives its singularly delicious character from mint- and basil-infused agave nectar.

Putting on a Game Face: Before unleashing a signature Margarita, make sure it looks as fabulous as it tastes. That process begins with the ritual of rimming the glass with salt. Consider salting only half the rim, which allows guests to moderate how much salt they consume. If given the time, salt the Margarita glasses in advance, allowing the lime juice and salt combination to harden. This will alleviate the messy problem of salt falling off the rim of the glass.

For a little something special, there are a number of brands of flavored salts, as well as different colors and flavors of sugars with which to embellish your cocktail.

Coup de Grace: The final touch to any noteworthy Margarita is the garnish. The obvious choice is a lime wedge, which permits guests to add a delightful blast of fresh juice to the drink. Lime wheels are attractive, but not functional.

There are two common mistakes bartenders make when garnishing a Margarita. The first is outfitting the cocktail with a puny sliver of a lime. The second is dropping the lime wedge into the drink. Do bartenders really expect guests to fish the lime out with their fingers? Or what about a bartender who squeezes the lime wedge before dropping it into the drink? Now there’s a crushed piece of fruit staring up at the guest. The most advisable move is to hook the lime wedge on the rim of the glass and let the guest do with the garnish as they see fit.

Here’s the last piece of advice regarding creating a Margarita sensation. Start by devising a refreshing, eminently delicious base sour mix. If the mix is well balanced it’ll taste fabulous by itself. Then add in the tequila and modifier. It should be a smooth and pleasant journey from there. NCB


LimesMargarita Bliss

Looking for some creative inspiration? Here’s a handful of inspired recipes suitable for framing. Money back guaranteed. For more Margarita recipes, see page 6 or visit nightclub.com.

Look Better Naked Margarita
Specialty of Adam Seger, sommelier/mixologist at Nacional 27, Chicago.
1 ½ ounces Partida Blanco Tequila
½ ounce Sambazon açai juice
¾ ounce Partida Organic Agave Nectar
½ ounce organic egg white
1 ounce fresh lime juice
4-inch sprig rosemary, top inch reserved for garnish

Remove the rosemary leaves from the stem and muddle in an empty pint glass until aromatic. Add ice and the remaining ingredients, shake the contents vigorously and strain into a chilled 10-ounce cocktail glass rimmed with a mixture of organic sea salt and cracked green peppercorns.


Point Lobos
Specialty of Jeffrey Morgenthaler, bar manager/mixologist at Clyde Common, Portland, Ore.
2 ounces El Tesoro Platinum
1 ounce fresh lemon juice
½ ounce simple syrup
½ ounce  egg white
1 tsp. rhubarb jam

Combine ingredients in mixing glass, add ice and shake the contents vigorously. Strain into a chilled 10-ounce cocktail glass rimmed with salt and garnish with a fresh lime wedge.


The One Margarita
Specialty of Brian Metzger, owner/chef/mixologist at Jax Kitchen, Tucson, Ariz.
2 ounces Milagro Silver
½ ounce Cointreau
½ ounce fresh lime juice
½ ounce fresh Meyer lemon juice
1 ounce orange and basil-infused simple syrup
2 ounces orange-basil Granita*
Blackberry skewered with basil leaf garnish

Combine ingredients in mixing glass, saving 1 ounce of Granita for garnish. Add ice and shake the contents vigorously. Strain into a chilled 9-ounce Highball glass, scoop Granita on top of cocktail and garnish with a blackberry skewered with a basil leaf.

*Orange-basil Granita (2 quarts)
½ cup sugar
¼ cup packed fresh basil leaves, plus small sprigs for garnish
5 cups fresh orange juice (from about 12 large oranges)
¼ tsp. kosher salt
Zest from one orange.
Place all ingredients in a blender and blend on high for 90 seconds, until zest is minute and the basil has thoroughly mixed with the juice. Pour mixture onto flat-bottomed dish and let sit in freezer for 45 minutes. Using a fork, “fluff” or “flake” the mixture, breaking up any large pieces that have begun to solidify. Continue this every 30 minutes until the Granita has frozen into flakes. Transfer to Tupperware bowl and store in the freezer.


El Tiradito
Specialty of Aaron A. DeFeo, manager/mixologist at Hotel Congress, Tucson, Ariz.
2 ounces Milagro Silver
½ ounce Cointreau
½ ounce Thai basil-
infused agave nectar
½ ounce fresh lime juice
1 ounce fresh ruby red grapefruit juice

Combine ingredients in mixing glass, add ice and shake the contents vigorously. Strain into a chilled 10-ounce cocktail glass rimmed with cinnamon. Garnish with a Thai basil flower.


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